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TQM / Total Quality Management

- TQM-Total Quality Management concept focus on customer satisfaction through Total Employee Involvement-TEI and Continual Improvement in Product, Process and Services.   - All members of a organization / company engage / participate in improvement activities to ach…

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What is 3M, 3K & 3G in Japanese Industries

What is 3M, 3K, 3G  - These words are widely used in Japanese industries. Whenever you visit in any Japanese company you will definitely listen these words.   - Basically these are “Best in-house practices followed on shop floor while working in industries. By adopting…

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Types of Product Disposition

- Disposition is about arrangement so when the product is found to be non-conforming the decision has to be taken on the 'action of dealing with things in a particular way'  - Disposition typically is defined, by most organizations, as an instruction that d…

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Industrial Revolution 4.0

What is Industry 4.0? - Industry 4.0 refers to the fourth industrial revolution, it is concerned with areas that are not usually classified as industry applications in their own right, such as smart cities.  - It is also knows as I4 or I4.0 - Industry 4.0 converges…

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What is Audit?

- Audit is on-site verification activity like inspection / examination of process to ensure compliance to requirements.  - Audit can apply to entire organization or specific process or production step.   - Some special purpose of audits are documents audit, risks / …

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What is Severity, Occurence and Detection?

What is Severity, Occurrence and Detection in FMEA?  - Severity, occurrence and Detection is a part of Failure Mode and Effect Analysis. Severity rating in fmea  - Severity ratings based on criticality of the risk.   - It evaluate the impact of the failure mode.  - Sev…

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Attribute Data vs Variable Data / Discrete Data vs Continuous Data

Introduction  - Measurement System Analysis  study and Control chart selection decided based on collected data i.e attribute data (Discrete) or Variable data (Continuous).  - This plays major role in problem solving process. Attribute Data  - It is a qua…

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Different Types of Errors in Measurement

What is error?  - Error is defined as difference between the true value and the measured value.  - True value is the average of the infinite numbers of measurements where measured value is the precise value.  - Measurement of any quantity is done by comparing i…

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Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing (GD & T)

What is GD&T  - Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing (GD&T) is a language of symbols and standards designed and used by engineers and manufacturers to explain a product and facilitate communication between entities working together to produce somethi…

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